Saturday, January 24, 2009

WHITE HOUSE 101 - Did you know?

  • Before he became president, Lyndon Johnson was a teacher at a small school in South Texas.
  • Before he became president, Woodrow Wilson was president of Princeton University.
  • Only one president was a preacher -- James Garfield.
  • Did you know that William Howard Taft is the only President who served as both President and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
  • President John F. Kennedy won a Pulitzer Prize in 1957 for his collection of essays, Profiles in Courage.
  • Both George Washington and Jimmy Carter were farmers before they became president -- President Washington was a planter and a farmer at his home in Mount Vernon, and Before he was President, Jimmy Carter ran his family's peanut farm in Plains, Georgia.
  • Before he became president, Barack Obama was a U.S. Senator. Before that, he was an Illinois State Senator, and before that he was a community organizer in Chicago.
  • The President's personal office is called the oval office. Any plane he flies on is called Air Force One, and any helicopter is called Marine One.
  • The "S" in Harry S. Truman's name isn't short for anything. The President was named after both of his grandfathers, Anderson Shippe Truman and Solomon Young. The initial honors them both.
  • The first public reading of the Declaration of Independence took place in Philadelphia -- where the bell now-known as the Liberty Bell rang out to call the city's population together on July 8, 1776.
  • On July 9, 1776, General George Washington gave an order for the Declaration of Independence to be read to his army.
  • In the early part of the 19th century, a network called the Underground Railroad, which received its name in 1831, helped escaped slaves gain freedom. As a conductor on the Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman helped 300 slaves gain freedom during the 1800s.
  • The Statue of Liberty was a gift of friendship resulting from the diplomatic relationship between the United States and France.
  • President Lincoln owned only one home during his lifetime -- in Springfield, Ill.
  • President Jefferson spent more than 40 years designing and building his home in Charlottesville, VA known as Monticello. The President admired classical architecture and incorporated this style into his home.
  • President Jackson's estate outside of Nashville, TN was known as the Hermitage.
  • President Richard M. Nixon was offered a position as a player's representative to the Major League Baseball Players Association in 1965. He declined, stating that he was needed in politics. Nixon served as President from 1969 to 1974.
  • George H.W. Bush played first base on the Yale University team that twice reached the finals of the College World Series.
  • Grace Coolidge, wife of President Calvin Coolidge, could often be found keeping a perfect scorecard while watching baseball games in the presidential box.
  • In 1915, Woodrow Wilson became the first President to attend the World Series, where he and his fiance, Edith Gault, made their first public appearance since announcing their engagement. The President insisted on paying for his own tickets.
  • In 1787, just four years after the end of war with Great Britain, 55 delegates gathered in Philadelphia to replace the Articles of Confederation. The Constitutional Convention led to the creation of the U.S. Constitution, which was signed on September 17, 1787.
  • On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution.
  • The first day Congress conducted business under the Constitution was April 6, 1789. On this day, members of Congress counted the votes of the electors, who unanimously elected George Washington as the nation's first president.
  • In order to amend the Constitution, three quarters of all states must vote in favor before the proposed amendment becomes law.
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